Turkey is located in the Middle East. 97% of the country (Anatolia) lies in Asia and 3% (Thrace) is in Europe.
Population: 81.257 million
Ethnic Groups: Turkish (70%—75%), Kurdish (19%), other minorities (7% – 12%)
Languages: Turkish (Official), Kurdish, other minority languages
Religions: Muslim (99.8% – mostly Sunni), Other (0.2%)
CIA: The World Factbook — Last Updated December 26, 2019
Turkish in Canada
Turkish Population in Canada
Kurds, which comprise slightly less than one-fifth of Turkey’s population, have long struggled for ethnic recognition. Conflicts between Kurds and the government claimed over 30,000 lives since the early 1980s, but the intensity of these conflicts was significantly reduced in 1999. Legal reforms in the early 2000s also improved life for Kurds. The vast majority of the Turkish population is Muslim, but there has been great disagreement between the Islamists and secularists about the role of religion in government and the public sphere. There is freedom of religion, but this is sometimes not upheld (for example, several Christian evangelists who converted from Islam have been legally tried for the crime of “insulting Turkishness”).
- Central Intelligence Agency. (2019, December 6). The World Factbook: Turkey. Retrieved December 26, 2019, from https://www.cia.gov/the-world-factbook/countries/turkey/
- Encyclopedia of the Nations. (n.d.). Turkey. Retrieved July 9, 2014, from http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/geography/Slovenia-to-Zimbabwe-Cumulative-Index/Turkey.html
- Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada. (2009, October 15). Cultural Information – Turkey. Retrieved July 9, 2014, from https://www.international.gc.ca/cil-cai/country_insights-apercus_pays/culture-culture_tr.aspx?lang=eng
- Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada. (2011, December 15). Overview – Turkey. Retrieved July 9, 2014, from https://www.international.gc.ca/cil-cai/country_insights-apercus_pays/overview-apercu_tr.aspx?lang=eng
- Mandryk, J. (2010). Operation World: The Definitive Prayer Guide to Every Nation (7th ed.). Colorado Springs: Biblica Publishing.
- Prayercast. (n.d.). Turkey. Retrieved July 9, 2014, from https://www.prayercast.com/turkey.html
- Statistics Canada. (2011, April 7). 2006 Census of Canada: Topic-based tabulations/Ethnic Origin, Single and Multiple Ethnic Origin Responses and Sex for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2006 Census – 20% Sample Data. Retrieved July 15, 2014, from http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2006/dp-pd/tbt/Rp-eng.cfm?LANG=E&APATH=3&DETAIL=0&DIM=0&FL=A&FREE=0&GC=0&GID=0&GK=0&GRP=1&PID=92333&PRID=0&PTYPE=88971,97154&S=0&SHOWALL=0&SUB=0&Temporal=2006&THEME=80&VID=0&VNAMEE=&VNAMEF
- Turks. (2009). In T. L. Gall & J. Hobby (Eds.), Worldmark Encyclopedia of Cultures and Daily Life (2nd ed., Vol. 4, pp. 1004-1010). Detroit: Gale. Retrieved July 16, 2014.