Syria is found in southwest Asia, on the east coast of the Mediterranean Sea. Syria shares borders with Turkey, Iraq, Jordan, and Israel. It is fortunate to be located on the fertile Mediterranean coast — allowing agriculture to play a significant role in the country’s economy.

Quick Facts

Population: 19.454 million
Ethnic Groups: Arab (~50%), Alawite (~15%), Kurd (~10%), Levantine (~10%), Other (~15%)
Languages: Arabic (Official), Kurdish, Armenian, Aramaic, Circassian (widely understood), French, English
Religions: Muslim 87% (Official)Christian (10%), Druze (3%), Jewish (few remaining in Damascus and Aleppo)
Capital: Damascus
CIA: The World Factbook — Last Updated December 26, 2019

Syrians in Canada

Syrian Population in Canada


Useful Links

Syria became independent from France in 1946. Political unrest and economic sanctions have contributed to Syria’s troubled role in the Middle East. Recently, international pressure has forced Syria to take a more moderate position on its foreign policies. Today, Syria’s economy is dependent on agriculture, oil, and tourism. Economic progress is being made, but is slow. Syria has been a secular state since independence. The vast majority of the population is Muslim, but the Christian minority enjoys significantly more freedom than in other areas of the Middle East. Nevertheless, they do face discrimination (for example, in trying to find housing).