Sudan is located in the northeast part of Africa. Its northeastern coastline is along the Red Sea, and it shares borders with 7 different countries. Much of the country is located inside the Sahara Desert. After South Sudan’s independence, it is also known as North Sudan.

Quick Facts

Population: 43.121 million
Ethnic Groups: Sudanese Arab (approximately 70%), Fur, Beja, Nuba, Fallata
Languages: Arabic (Official), English (Official), Nubian, Ta Bedawie, Fur
Religions: Sunni Muslim (70%), Indigenous beliefs (25%), Christian (5%)
Capital: Khartoum
CIA: The World Factbook — Last Updated December 26, 2019

Sudanese in Canada

Sudanese Population in Canada


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Sudanese history has been characterized by conflict between the north and south. This ended in 2005 with the Comprehensive Peace Agreement. Sudan split into two countries in July 2011 after the people of the south voted for independence. The government of Sudan gave its blessing for an independent South Sudan, where the mainly Christian and Animist people had for decades been struggling against rule by the Arab Muslim north. Most people living in Sudan today are Sunni Muslim, and Christians are persecuted. Conversion from Islam to Christianity is punishable by death.