Poland is found in Central Europe. Poland shares borders with Germany, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Ukraine, Belarus, and Lithuania. To the north of Poland is the Baltic Sea, which is important to Poland’s fishing industry.

Quick Facts

Population: 38.421 million
Ethnic Groups: Polish (96.9%), Silesian (1.1%), German (0.2%), Ukrainian (0.1%), Other and Unspecified (1.7%)
Languages: Polish (98.2%), Silesian (1.4%), Other (1.1%), Unspecified (1.3%)
Religions: Catholic (85.9%), Orthodox (1.3%) (almost all are Polish Autocephalous Orthodox), Protestant (0.4%) (mainly Augsburg Evangelical and Pentacostal), Other (0.4%), Unspecified (12.1%)
Capital: Warsaw
CIA: The World Factbook — Last Updated December 27, 2019

Polish in Canada

Polish Population in Canada


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Poland became a multiparty democracy in 1989 after years of Communist rule and joined the European Union in 2004. Today, Poland enjoys a higher standard of living than most countries, and life expectancy is around 75.5 years. Poland’s relationship with the Catholic Church is much closer now than it was before 1978, when Cardinal Karol Wojtyła became Pope John Paul II, the first Polish pope. Today, the vast majority of Poles identify as Roman Catholic, and Catholicism is a large part of Polish identity.