As the third-largest country in South America, Peru is located on the western coast of South America. Peru shares borders with Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil, Bolivia, and Chile. It has a coastline on the Pacific Ocean and is an international leader in terms of fish production.

Quick Facts

Population: 31.331 million
Ethnic Groups: Mestizo (60.2%), Amerindian (25.8%), White (5.9%), African descent (3.6%), Other (1.2%), Unspecified (3.3%)
Languages: Spanish (Official) (82.9%), Quechua (Official) (13.6%,) Aymara (Official) (1.6%), Ashaninka (0.3%), Other native languages (0.8%), Other (0.2%), None (0.1%), Unspecified (0.7%)
Religions: Roman Catholic (60.0%), Christian (14.6%), Other (0.3%), None (4.0%), Unspecified (21.1%)
Capital: Lima
CIA: The World Factbook — Last Updated December 27, 2019

Peruvians in Canada

Peruvian Population in Canada


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Much of Peru’s population continues to live in poverty, but economic growth has been strong since 2000. The 1978 constitution guaranteed religious freedom but there is still a bias towards the Catholic Church, which is the state church. However, in recent years, the Catholic Church has been on the decline as members are turning to atheism or evangelicalism. In 1960, there were only 78,000 evangelicals in Peru, but the number increased to 3.4 million by 2010; evangelicals now account for more than one-tenth of the population.