Norway is located on the Scandinavian peninsula in northern Europe. Norway is west of Sweden, and also shares borders with Finland and Russia. The country has a coastline along the Norwegian Sea and the North Sea. Although Norway is very far north, warm waters from the Gulf Stream that travel up to the surrounding area help keep Norway’s temperature relatively mild.

Quick Facts

Population: 5.372 million
Ethnic Groups: Norwegian (83.2%; includes about 60,000 Sami), other European (8.3%), Other (8.5%)
Languages: Bokmal Norwegian (Official), Nynorsk Norwegian (official), small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities
Religions: Church of Norway (Evangelical Lutheran – Official) (70.6%),Muslim (3.2%), Roman Catholic (3.0%), Other Christian (3.7%), Other (2.5%), Unspecified (17%)
Capital: Oslo
CIA: The World Factbook — Last Updated December 27, 2019

Norwegians in Canada

Norwegian Population in Canada


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Norway, which was once a union with Sweden, became independent in 1905. Today, Norway is a very prosperous country. The quality of life is very high, and life expectancy is over 80 years. The Lutheran Church is the official state church, and the vast majority of the population are members. The influence of Christianity is easily seen in Norway. For example, Christmas and Christmas Eve are widely celebrated. All Saints’ Day is as well, and religious holidays include Maundy Thursday (the Thursday before Easter), Good Friday, Easter, and Ascension Day. There is complete religious freedom for all.