Once known as Holland, the Netherlands is located in western Europe, between Belgium and Germany. The country borders the North Sea as well. More than one-fifth of the country is below sea level (this is known as the Low Netherlands). Due to its proximity to the North Sea, sand dunes and man-made dikes are needed to prevent flooding.

Quick Facts

Population: 17.151 million
Ethnic Groups: Dutch (76.9%), EU (6.4%), Turkish (2.4%), Moroccan (2.3%), Indonesian (2.1%), German (2.1%), Surinamese (2.0%), Polish (1.0%), Other (4.8%)
Languages: Dutch (Official)
Religions: Roman Catholic (23.6%), Protestant (14.9%), Muslim (5.1%), Other (5.6%), None (50.7%)
Capital: Amsterdam
CIA: The World Factbook — Last Updated December 27, 2019

Dutch in Canada

Dutch Population in Canada


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The Netherlands, which became independent from Spain in 1568, is one of the world’s richest nations. It enjoys democracy and political stability. The Netherlands is a land of freedom — including freedom of religion. The Netherlands has a rich history rooted in Christianity, but many church buildings have been converted for other purposes as church attendance is decreasing. Today, only about half of the Dutch people identify as Christians. Religious minorities in the Netherlands include Muslims, Hindus, and Jews. Approximately 40 – 42% of the Dutch are non-religious; Dutch society is very secular and religion continues to decline.