Nepal is found in South Asia, on the southern slope of Himalayas. Nepal shares borders with China to the north and India to the south. The country is well known for its high mountains. Mount Everest is located on the border of Nepal and China, and Nepal is also home to the world’s third tallest mountain.

Quick Facts

Population: 29.718 million
Ethnic Groups: Chhettri (16.6%), Brahman-Hill (12.2%), Magar (7.1%), Tharu (6.6%), Tamang (5.8%), Newar (5%), Kami (4.8%), Muslim (4.4%), Yadav (4%), Rai (2.3%), Gurung (2%), Damai/Dholii (1.8%), Thakuri (1.6%), Limbu (1.5%), Sarki (1.4%), Teli (1.4%), Charmar/Harijan/Ram (1.3%), Koiri/Kushwaha (1.2%), Other (19%)
Languages: Nepali (Official) (44.6%), Maithali (11.7%), Bhojpuri (6%), Tharu (5.8%), Tamang (5.1%), Newar (3.2%), Magar (3%), Bajjika (3%), Urdu (2.6%), Avadhi (1.9%), Limbu (1.3%), Gurung (1.2%), Other (10.4%), Unspecified (0.2%)
Religions: Hindu (81.3%), Buddhist (9%), Muslim (4.4%), Kirant (3.1%), Christian (1.4%), Other (0.5%), Unspecified (0.2%)
Capital: Kathmandu
CIA: The World Factbook — Last Updated December 27, 2019

Nepali in Canada

Nepali Population in Canada


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Nepal is home to as many as 100 ethnic groups. Nepal is one of the world’s poorer countries (partly due to geographical isolation), but it has made notable progress in the last half century. Nepal was once the world’s only Hindu Kingdom but became a secular democracy in 2006. The prevalence of Hinduism means that the caste system plays a strong role in the culture. Caste-based discrimination is illegal, but occurs nonetheless. There is some discrimination against religious minorities, but it is less harsh and less common than it was in the past.