Mexico is a country in North America and is found just south of the United States. Largely due to its location, the vast majority of Mexico’s international trade is with the USA. It has signed a number of free trade deals, most notably the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).

Quick Facts

Population: 125.959 million
Ethnic Groups: Mestizo (Amerindian-Spanish) (62%), predominantly Amerindian (21%), Amerindian (7%), Other (10%)
Languages: Spanish Only (92.7%), Spanish and Indigenous languages (5.7%), Indigenous Only (0.8%), Unspecified (0.8%)
Religions: Roman Catholic (82.7%), Pentecostal (1.6%), Jehovah’s Witnesses (1.4%), other Evangelical Churches (5%), Other (1.9%), None (4.7%), Unspecified (2.7%)
Capital: Mexico City
CIA: The World Factbook — Last Updated December 27, 2019

Mexicans in Canada

Mexican Population in Canada


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Mexico achieved independence from Spain in 1821. Today, Mexico enjoys a higher standard of living than most countries. Life expectancy is 76 years, and extreme poverty is on the decline. Although there are free trade agreements and certain industries are performing well, the Mexican economy still needs to modernize. Catholics make up the vast majority of the population. Mexico was dominated by the Catholic Church for several hundred years, but many religious restrictions ended in 1992 when constitutional changes were made to give fairer treatment to religious minorities. Today, Mexico is a secular state with religious freedom, but Catholicism still has much influence over the culture. For example, Holy Week, which commemorates the week leading up to the death and resurrection of Jesus, is a very important religious holiday.