Haiti is found on the island of Hispaniola, which lies between the Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. Haiti shares borders with the Dominican Republic. Haiti is unfortunately located on a fault line, which was responsible for a devastating earthquake in 2010.

Quick Facts

Population: 10.788 million
Ethnic Groups: Black (95%), Mulatto and White (5%)
Languages: French (Official), Creole (Official)
Religions: Roman Catholic (Official) (54.7%), Protestant (28.5%), Voodoo (Official) (2.1%), Other (4.6%), None (10.2%)
Capital: Port-Au-Prince
CIA: The World Factbook — Last Updated December 29, 2019

Haitians in Canada

Haitian Population in Canada


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A variety of factors — such as deforestation and political instability — are responsible for Haiti’s poverty problem. This was only exacerbated by the 2010 earthquake, so there is much work to do to rebuild Haiti. There is freedom of religion in Haiti and the Roman Catholic Church is no longer the state church. Although Catholicism remains dominant, Protestantism is growing. In total, about 95% of Haitians identify themselves as Christian.