Finland is found in northwestern Europe. The country is one of the most northern located countries of the world. Finland shares borders with Norway, Sweden, and Russia. As can be seen in the map below, Finland is close to the Arctic Circle — but actually has a much milder climate than one would expect due to the moderating impact of the Gulf Stream.


Quick Facts

Population: 5.537 million
Ethnic Groups: Finn (93.4%), Swede (5.6%), Russian (0.5%), Estonian (0.3%), Romani (0.1%), Sami (0.1%)
Languages: Finnish (Official) (87.8%), Swedish (Official) (5.2%), Russian (1.4%), Other (5.8%)
Religions: Lutheran (69.8%), Greek Orthodox (1.1%), Other (1.7%), Unspecified (27.4%),
Capital: Helsinki
CIA: The World Factbook — Last Updated December 29, 2019

Finnish in Canada

Finnish Population in Canada


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Finland was ruled by Sweden for 800 years and then by Russia for another 100 before it finally became independent in 1917. Today, Finland is one of the most peaceful and prosperous countries in the world and enjoys social and political stability. Finland is a member of the European Union. The Evangelical Lutheran and Orthodox Churches are recognized as national churches, but there is freedom of religion. Those who are members of these churches must pay a church tax (up to 2% of personal income); those who are not members are exempt. The two national churches are also responsible for birth, marriage, and death registrations — however, non-members can register at other state agencies. With an overwhelmingly Christian population, it is unsurprising that the Christian holidays of Good Friday, Easter, and most importantly Christmas, are celebrated.