El Salvador

El Salvador

El Salvador is located on the Central America Isthmus. The country has a southern coastline along the North Pacific Ocean, and shares land borders with Guatemala and Honduras. El Salvador is located on one of the world’s volcanic plates and has a history of destructive earthquakes. 

Quick Facts

Population: 6.187 million
Ethnic Groups: mestizo (86.3%), White (12.7%), Amerindian (0.2%), Black (0.1%), Other (0.6%)
Languages: Spanish (Official), Nawat (among some Amerindians)
Religions: Roman Catholic (50%), Protestant (36%), Other (2%), None (12%)
Capital: San Salvador
CIA: The World Factbook — Last Updated December 29, 2019

Salvadorans in Canada

Salvadoran Population in Canada


Useful Links

Since the end of the civil war in 1992, El Salvador has enjoyed a period of peace and stability. Today, the most significant social issue in El Salvador is the rising income gap between the rich and the poor. However, remittances from Salvadorans working abroad do much to help mitigate the effects of poverty. El Salvador’s constitution recognizes the Catholic Church, but there is freedom of religion for other denominations. Some of Latin America’s largest megachurches are in El Salvador, where there is a very large evangelical population.

  • Central Intelligence Agency. (2019, December 17). The World Factbook: El Salvador. Retrieved December 29, 2019, from https://www.cia.gov/the-world-factbook/countries/el-salvador/
  • Encyclopedia of the Nations. (n.d.). El Salvador. Retrieved July 9, 2014, from http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/geography
  • Encyclopedia of the Nations. (n.d.). El Salvador. Retrieved July 9, 2014, from http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/World-Leaders-2003/El-Salvador.html 
  • Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada. (2009, October 15). Cultural Information – El Salvador. Retrieved July 9, 2014, from https://www.international.gc.ca/cil-cai/country_insights-apercus_pays/culture-culture_sv.aspx?lang=eng
  • Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada. (2011, December 15). Overview – El Salvador. Retrieved July 9, 2014, from https://www.international.gc.ca/cil-cai/country_insights-apercus_pays/overview-apercu_sv.aspx?lang=eng
  • Mandryk, J. (2010). Operation World: The Definitive Prayer Guide to Every Nation (7th ed.). Colorado Springs: Biblica Publishing.
  • Salvadorans/Salvadorians. (2009). In T. L. Gall & J. Hobby (Eds.), Worldmark Encyclopedia of Cultures and Daily Life (2nd ed., Vol. 2, pp. 481-485). Detroit: Gale. Retrieved July 17, 2014.
  • Statistics Canada. (2011, April 7). 2006 Census of Canada: Topic-based tabulations/Ethnic Origin, Single and Multiple Ethnic Origin Responses and Sex for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2006 Census – 20% Sample Data. Retrieved July 15, 2014, from http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement