Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina is located in southeastern Europe, in the Balkan Peninsula. The country shares borders with Croatia, Serbia, and Montenegro. Since Bosnia and Herzegovina is situated on a tectonic fault line, it occasionally suffers from destructive earthquakes.

Quick Facts

Population: 3.850 million
Ethnic Groups: Bosniak (50.1%), Serb (370.8%), Croat (15.4%), Other (2.7%), Not Declared/No Answer (1.0%)
Languages: Bosnian (Official) (52.9%), Serbian (30.8%), Croatian (Official) (14.6%), Other (1.6%), Other (0.2%)
Religions: Muslim (50.7%), Orthodox (30.7%), Roman Catholic (15.2%), Atheist (0.8%), Agnostic (0.3%), Other (1.2%), Undeclared/No Answer (1.1%)
Capital: Sarajevo
CIA: The World Factbook — Last Updated December 29, 2019

Bosnians in Canada

Bosnians Population in Canada



Useful Links

The three main ethnic groups are Bosniaks, Serbs, and Croats. A three-way war between these groups resulted in a high number of casualties and massive damage. Millions of people were displaced by the time the war ended in 1995 — there was no winner.

The post-war recovery has been slow. Traditionally, Bosniaks are Muslim, Serbs are Eastern Orthodox, and Croats are Roman Catholics. Religion plays a large role in each group’s identity. Islam in Bosnia and Herzegovina is of the tolerant form — fundamentalism has been discouraged by the government and the religious communities. The Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic religions are similar, but the Eastern Orthodox Church is less hierarchical (for example, it has no pope, and priests are elected as opposed to appointed).